Marble, a passion shared by three architects

September 5, 2016
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by juan
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Marble is one of the most used materials in modern architecture. Available in a wide range of colors as well as polychrome inlaid with other minerals, it is appreciated because of its strength, durability and luxurious aesthetics.

Three of the most emblematic architects of the 20th Century –Adolf Loos, Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson– share not only their stylistic tastes and minimalist aesthetic, but also their passion for marble.

Marble: a passion shared by Adolf Loos, Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson.

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High-Tech architecture and its evolution to the Eco-tech

July 4, 2016
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by juan
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High-tech architecture comes to light in the 60´s of the XX Century, taking its name from the book written by Suzanne Sleinn and Joan Kron, called “The Industrial Style and Source Book for The Home”.  This architectural style is also called Late Modernism by same authors as they consider high-tech style to be the mixture of Modernism and technology.

There is a general consensus that whatever we do now to change the way in which we use resources will affect the way future generations will live.  One of the most famous definitions of sustainability rightly indicates that sustainability is meant “to satisfy the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Commission).

The major architectural trends of the 20th century have therefore reached the 21st century incorporating the concept of sustainability and what began as an architectural trendsustainable architecture, also known as eco-architecture or green architecture – is now an underlying trend in all the current architectural trends.

Obviously high tech architecture does not escape this reality.  The basis of this architectural trend is to play creatively with spaces to produce works that evidence the use of technology and it even shows with pride the complexity of the technique used.

In its twenty-first century version, the architectural trend high-tech incorporates sustainability into its buildings.  The 1973 oil crisis makes many of the early buildings of high-tech decline by their high maintenance cost and the main architects of this movement to had to find a way to “recycle it”.

At the International Conference held in Florence in 1993, the subject of the incorporation of renewable energy in architecture and urban planning pops out and architects such as Renzo Piano, Norman Foster and Thomas Herzong, among others, come together to promote the creation of the Group READ, with the aim of studying the use of renewable energy in the construction and the creation of environmentally friendly projects.  This movement evolved to what is called today eco-tech, which is one of the branches of sustainable architecture.

We introduce three representative works of the eco-tech version of  high-tech. They have in common that they have been designed by famous architects of important architectural firms. The two first cases also share the fact that they are additions to previous  works of a different which they complement with class, but not without controversy. The third work, while it is new, is integrated masterfully to its environment, which includes a fragment of a medieval wall.

All the three works shown here appeal to the use of transparency and geometry, boast technology, are sculptural, make brilliant use of light, save energy, shock with its aesthetics, and all of them are iconic and each one on its wn own way is a “Manifesto”. Enjoy them here.

There are also many things in common between the three architects, since besides the brief partnership between Norman Foster and Richard Rogers, the three became creditors of the most famous Prize in international architecture, the Pritzker Prize.

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Sustainable Architecture

June 14, 2016
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by juan
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Sustainable architecture, also called sustainable architecture, eco-architecture, green architecture and environmentally conscious architecture

In the last two decades, architecture has accentuated its orientation towards environmentally friendly projects in an intend to help solving or at least mitigating a problem that besets us all. Sustainable architecture, also known as eco-architecture, green architecture or environmentally conscious architecture, is an evolution of the architectural trend called high tech and is a way of conceiving the architectural design that involves reducing the environmental impact and promoting the inclusion of efficient and sustainable energy sources.

In this sense, sustainable architecture values efficiency and moderation in the use of materials and keeps an eye on the management of the natural resources of the locations, considering weather conditions, hydrography and the ecosystems in order to achieve a maximum performance with the minimum impact.

It also puts special attention on the reduction of energy consumption for heating, cooling, lighting and using any other equipment, covering the unsatisfied demand with renewable energy sources such as solar panels, wind generators, solar thermal energy, biomass or even geothermal energy. There is a consensus on the fact that under changing climatic and environmental conditions combining different energy sources is the way to secure energy supply all the year round.

Organizations such as Green Building Council (GBC) and the Building Research Establishment (BRE) – among others- are responsible for defining the standards of sustainable building and for evaluating and certifying the sustainability of buildings through its specific tools: LEED, BREEM, GREEN. In spite of this, and given the difference of criteria or priorities set by each organization, one of the biggest difficulties that owners, developers, technicians and builders face today with regard to the design and construction of a sustainable buildings is precisely the fact that there are no uniform parameters upon which they could base themselves to certainly determine the what order of importance should be established for the different parameters or how much emphasis should be given to each one of them. But at the end, what we all have to keep in mind is that a sustainable architecture should meet the needs of its occupants, without endangering the well-being and development of future generations.

You can read about it in less than 5 minutes …

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Multifunctional Architecture: a new kind of space for a new lifestyle

June 6, 2016
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by juan
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Multifunctional architecture as its name implies, has to do with the creation of spaces that gather several functions, but it goes far beyond, as it does not only aims at creating projects that adapted to the urban space where they are inserted but also it even aims at solving urban problems.

On top of this, multifunctional architecture seeks to create spaces that can cause an emotional impact, by strongly linking the aesthetics of the construction to elements of emotional reference for the community to which they are addressed.

This idea of multifunctionality, applied to either small complexes, districts or cities, finds roots in the ideas of Le Corbusier, particularly in “l´unité´habitation” (housing unit), where he seeks to merge the privacy of individual housing with the multiplicity of activities of a modern city.

This ideal unit consists of 400 houses inserted into a complex that holds as well shops, recreational spaces, places for physical exercises and different services.   The concept was materialized for the first time in the “unité d´habitation” de Marseille, the “Cité Radieuse” (Radiant City) project that was developed between 1947 and 1952 by the assignment of the French Ministry of Reconstruction and Urbanism.

Even though the so-called brutalist architecture comes from this idea, the concept of “housing unit” also evolves on the side of its multifunctional sense, and sees applications both in housing developments as the one of Marseille, and in its broader vision, in comprehensive urban developments such as the city of Brasilia in 1956.

With regards to interior decoration, multifunctional architecture proposes a discreet ornamentation, putting aside extravagances, as it picks up the teachings of an ancient Chinese tradition that suggests not to include excessive details inside houses considering that this ends up by negatively affecting the mental state of the inhabitants.

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Moscow-Multifunctional-complex-Lotus-SPEECH-ARCHITECTS

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High tech architecture: a new aesthetic that strives for improving the world using technology as an ornament, but taking advantage of its functionality

May 30, 2016
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by juan
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The architectural movement known as high tech is known for incorporating technology into the architectural space, not only as a building element, but considering its aesthetic role, even though it must be pointed out that the technical elements are used not only for aesthetic purposes, but also for functional reasons.

But high-tech architecture, does not only aim at using technology with an aesthetic role, but also exhibits it and this ostentation of technology can be seen as an act of provocation, even of rebellion. In fact, is this ostentation one of the elements that differentiate this stream from the modern movement that precedes it: the “living machine” of Le Corbusier sought efficient design but without displaying the technological components. The high tech movement reinterprets the modern style, providing it with a strong technological image that makes it survive to the present times.

High tech architecture also feeds from the metabolism, a movement of the 60`s where Japanese architects like Kenzo Tange, Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and the Archigram group, proposed buildings with futuristic aspects, almost with a science fiction look, showcasing technology deliberately.

High tech takes its name from the book: “The Industrial Style and Source Book for The Home”, published in 1978 by Joan Kron and Suzanne Slesin, where they put in evidence the attitude of rebellion of the high tech architecture and raise a discussion about its aesthetics.

High-tech architecture reflects the enthusiasm of 70´s for the space race, and in general, for the scientific and technological innovations of the time. Philosophically speaking it happens to be positive and naive at the same time: confidence in this technological progress generates in the architects of this movement the idea that through the use of technology it is possible to improve the human habitat and thus human life on the planet.

In the 80´s high tech architecture evolves in parallel to the so-called postmodern architecture to the point that it becomes difficult to differentiate one trend from the other, but at the 90´s high tech architecture, reemerges with its own identity, with the founding in 1993 of the READ Group, aiming at incorporating the use of renewable energy in architecture. With this evolution, the high tech movement ends up by adopting new names such as eco-tech movement and sustainable architecture.

High tech architects often make use of prefabricated components. Preferred materials are the walls of glass and steel structures. In what has to do with interiors, all aesthetics has to do with industry appearance.

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Minimalism in Architecture: “Less is more”

May 23, 2016
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by juan
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Minimalist architecture leitmotiv is to reduce the material expression to the essential, and is best known by the use of geometric shapes made with simplicity and precision. What defines this architectural style in a single concept is the word “clean”. For minimalism all elements must combine and form a unit: hence the minimalist precept that “everything is part of everything”.

This architectural trend emerges in New York by the end of the 60s´ and reaches its maturity in the 80s´, but its origins are anchored in Europe with the work at the German Pavilion of Barcelona´s fair of 1930 of the German architect later turned American, Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe. It is attributed to Van Der Rohe the phrase “less is more” which precisely reflects the minimalist concept of doing more with less.

 Minimalist architecture imposes in addition to the simplicity of the forms, the use of neutral materials employed in the purest way possible. Simple textures and monochromatic colors are used in floors, ceilings and walls (in particular the white color and all the shades given by its spectrum). At the end, the accessories are the elements that give a touch of color to the space.

The materials are a key point of minimalism. The minimalist ornamentation uses wood and rustic materials: polished cement, glass, steel and stone –mainly in its natural state, minimally manipulated-. Minimalism always seeks at creating contrast by the alternation of these materials and the use of different textures.

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3 pieces of invisible architecture with water as sole protagonist

May 16, 2016
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by juan
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Invisible architecture continuously challenges our senses making the spaces we know, visit or use, become an experience that brings us new feelings, surprising us when we discover what doesn’t seem to be there.

According to this architectural trend, each architect or architectural studio plays with the elements differently to create a fiction, an illusion of invisibility based on the very reality of objects. Consequently, we are transported to places that only these architects can imagine and that thanks to this trend, they can share with us.

Invisible architecture is based upon complex engineering, which deals with what we cannot see. This trend mimics the environment offering extensive views of the landscape, and merging with the surroundings. The source of inspiration shall determine, for sure, how these designs are built and shall shape how the ingenuity of the architects will be used to meet the expectations of the illusion of invisibility.

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Multifunctional architecture at culture’s service

April 25, 2016
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by juan
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Usually, when we talk about Multifunctional Architecture, we think about big buildings with huge structures placed on a gigantic space. While it is true that some of the best known multifunctional buildings present these characteristics, there are other constructions, also part of this architectonic tendency, perfectly integrated into their environment.

The multifunctional architecture tries to cover with its designs people’s needs, including multifunctional spaces used to accommodate libraries, exhibition halls, museums, etc. The truth is that culture is one of the main beneficiaries of the possibilities that this architectural style offers.

The most important multifunctional architects are able to masterly build new areas where design and functionality are combined, creating amazing works of art that surround us, no matter the city we live.

Multifunctional architecture at culture’s service

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Sustainable Architecture: UK raises a green flag

April 25, 2016
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by juan
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When we talk about Sustainable Architecture or Eco-Architecture, we are not only talking about planting trees and plants on urban buildings, as this architectonic trend has traditionally been conceived. The Sustainable Architecture also called Green Architecture is an architectonic trend that tries to make a difference in the construction of new buildings.

Previously in this blog, we have visited Thailand, United States, Canada and Switzerland to explore some of the most representative sustainable buildings designed thus far. Today, we want to travel to UK and take a look to some of its sustainable buildings, example of how the human development and the respect for the environment are compatible.

Sustainable Architecture: UK raises a green flag

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Minimalism as key of luxury, acoustic poetry and fire

April 11, 2016
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The pureness of the shapes, a specific characteristic of minimalism, does not conflict neither with opulence nor with design. Indeed, pureness is the intrinsic spirit, which makes each building to be unique. At this opportunity we will be dealing about three more or less high sounding architectural projects, which take an innovative approach within the current architectural trend. The first project will lead us into a singular exuberance, in the heart of the Jordanian desert; the second project will delight our view and our ears by leading us to a unique tour; and the third project will show us that contemporary beauty and urban functionality may join together harmoniously.

Minimalism as key of luxury, acoustic poetry and fire

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minimalismo-tendencias-arquitectonicas-desierto-wadi-RESORT

Minimalism as key of luxury, acoustic poetry and fire

You may read the following text in approximately five minutes…

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