High-Tech architecture and its evolution to the Eco-tech

July 4, 2016
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by juan
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High-tech architecture comes to light in the 60´s of the XX Century, taking its name from the book written by Suzanne Sleinn and Joan Kron, called “The Industrial Style and Source Book for The Home”.  This architectural style is also called Late Modernism by same authors as they consider high-tech style to be the mixture of Modernism and technology.

There is a general consensus that whatever we do now to change the way in which we use resources will affect the way future generations will live.  One of the most famous definitions of sustainability rightly indicates that sustainability is meant “to satisfy the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Commission).

The major architectural trends of the 20th century have therefore reached the 21st century incorporating the concept of sustainability and what began as an architectural trendsustainable architecture, also known as eco-architecture or green architecture – is now an underlying trend in all the current architectural trends.

Obviously high tech architecture does not escape this reality.  The basis of this architectural trend is to play creatively with spaces to produce works that evidence the use of technology and it even shows with pride the complexity of the technique used.

In its twenty-first century version, the architectural trend high-tech incorporates sustainability into its buildings.  The 1973 oil crisis makes many of the early buildings of high-tech decline by their high maintenance cost and the main architects of this movement to had to find a way to “recycle it”.

At the International Conference held in Florence in 1993, the subject of the incorporation of renewable energy in architecture and urban planning pops out and architects such as Renzo Piano, Norman Foster and Thomas Herzong, among others, come together to promote the creation of the Group READ, with the aim of studying the use of renewable energy in the construction and the creation of environmentally friendly projects.  This movement evolved to what is called today eco-tech, which is one of the branches of sustainable architecture.

We introduce three representative works of the eco-tech version of  high-tech. They have in common that they have been designed by famous architects of important architectural firms. The two first cases also share the fact that they are additions to previous  works of a different which they complement with class, but not without controversy. The third work, while it is new, is integrated masterfully to its environment, which includes a fragment of a medieval wall.

All the three works shown here appeal to the use of transparency and geometry, boast technology, are sculptural, make brilliant use of light, save energy, shock with its aesthetics, and all of them are iconic and each one on its wn own way is a “Manifesto”. Enjoy them here.

There are also many things in common between the three architects, since besides the brief partnership between Norman Foster and Richard Rogers, the three became creditors of the most famous Prize in international architecture, the Pritzker Prize.

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High tech architecture: a new aesthetic that strives for improving the world using technology as an ornament, but taking advantage of its functionality

May 30, 2016
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by juan
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The architectural movement known as high tech is known for incorporating technology into the architectural space, not only as a building element, but considering its aesthetic role, even though it must be pointed out that the technical elements are used not only for aesthetic purposes, but also for functional reasons.

But high-tech architecture, does not only aim at using technology with an aesthetic role, but also exhibits it and this ostentation of technology can be seen as an act of provocation, even of rebellion. In fact, is this ostentation one of the elements that differentiate this stream from the modern movement that precedes it: the “living machine” of Le Corbusier sought efficient design but without displaying the technological components. The high tech movement reinterprets the modern style, providing it with a strong technological image that makes it survive to the present times.

High tech architecture also feeds from the metabolism, a movement of the 60`s where Japanese architects like Kenzo Tange, Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and the Archigram group, proposed buildings with futuristic aspects, almost with a science fiction look, showcasing technology deliberately.

High tech takes its name from the book: “The Industrial Style and Source Book for The Home”, published in 1978 by Joan Kron and Suzanne Slesin, where they put in evidence the attitude of rebellion of the high tech architecture and raise a discussion about its aesthetics.

High-tech architecture reflects the enthusiasm of 70´s for the space race, and in general, for the scientific and technological innovations of the time. Philosophically speaking it happens to be positive and naive at the same time: confidence in this technological progress generates in the architects of this movement the idea that through the use of technology it is possible to improve the human habitat and thus human life on the planet.

In the 80´s high tech architecture evolves in parallel to the so-called postmodern architecture to the point that it becomes difficult to differentiate one trend from the other, but at the 90´s high tech architecture, reemerges with its own identity, with the founding in 1993 of the READ Group, aiming at incorporating the use of renewable energy in architecture. With this evolution, the high tech movement ends up by adopting new names such as eco-tech movement and sustainable architecture.

High tech architects often make use of prefabricated components. Preferred materials are the walls of glass and steel structures. In what has to do with interiors, all aesthetics has to do with industry appearance.

You can read about it in less than 5 minutes …

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High-Tech Architecture: a lifestyle for the future

March 7, 2016
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by juan
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High-Tech Architecture: a lifestyle for the future

Our lifestyle has changed. It was hard to imagine 50 years ago, the level of technology we would have nowadays. We have self-driving cars, devices to make purchases and even humanoids; all of them are part of modern innovations. In the Digital Era the intangible things are as important as real things; our daily life and our way to interact have changed.

It is hard to conceive a world without the benefits of technology and we can say for sure that our daily life and communications never are going to be as they were before. Time runs faster every day and everything around us too, while we can use devices that make our life apparently easier. Current architectonic tendencies are not exceptions to our technological world and as a consequence of that, architecture has changed in order to modernize its designs.
High-Tech Architecture has been promoted since 1960 and its characteristics have been changed over time. In the beginning it was common that construction materials were industrialized: glass walls and steel structures and the interior assembly of the structures. Beams, ventilation and stairs were exposed to the residents. Nowadays this has changed: High-Tech Architecture tends to sustainability and prefers materials oriented to preserve the environment. This tendency is known as Eco-Tech Architecture.

You can read in 4 minutes …

High Tech-sustainability-foster-Government-House

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High tech architecture is becoming eco-friendly

November 23, 2015
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by juan
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Photo: Foster and Partners

Since Sir Norman Foster designed the HSBC Hong Kong headquarters, and even before, high tech buildings have been revolutionizing the urban landscape, and we can say that this trend is not decreasing at all. At present, there are many projects under development that can still be included in high tech architecture, but there have been some changes since everything started in the seventies.

An example of these changes is the case of Dubai Museum of the Future, that will be entirely printed in 3D. Today the industrialization of architecture is even more revolutionary, efficient and intelligent, and high tech architecture can go to a next step, because we really have the chance to print pieces of the buildings. As a result of this, on one hand the costs are reduced and on the other hand the process turns much easier.

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